Indonesia Cilacap green refinery to start operations this year
Indonesia's state-owned oil and gas company Pertamina recently announced that it plans to start operations of a green refinery in Cilacap in Java, located in the central part of the country, as early as this year. The refinery would use refined palm oil (RBDPO) as a feedstock. The production capacity is initially 3,000 barrels per day, but Pertamina plans to double the capacity to 6,000 barrels per day by the end of 2022. The refinery successfully produced biodiesel made of 100% palm oil (green diesel, D100) in its test run. After that, Pertamina also plans to produce bio-jet fuel (green avtur). In Indonesia, diesel fuel for truck transportation used in the country needs to be mixed with 30% bio-based material at the moment. The products produced in Cilacap, however, are made of 100% bio-based materials. In addition to reducing carbon emissions, the Indonesian government focuses on expanding the use biofuels with the aim of improving its financial position by reducing imports for fuels. In the case of petroleum fuels, the country depends on imports for nearly half of its domestic demand. Indonesia is the world's largest producer of palm oil and the development of biofuels made from palm oil is seen to give great benefits.